Definition of medical waste According to the Act of 14 December 2012 on Waste, medical waste is waste generated in connection with the provision of health care services and conducting research and scientific experiments in the field of medicine. Medical waste is generated in connection with the activities of such institutions as hospitals, health centres, clinics and medical practices, care, treatment and rehabilitation centres, beauty salons and others. Types of medical waste In the classification shown herein, hazardous medical waste that poses a particular risk to human health and life and to the environment is marked with an asterisk.
|Waste code||Type of medical waste|
|18 01 01||Surgical and treatment instruments and their residues (excluding 18 01 03)|
|18 01 02*||Body parts and organs and blood bags and blood preservatives (excluding 18 01 03)|
|18 01 03*||Other wastes containing live pathogenic micro-organisms or their toxins and other transmissible genetic material which are known or may reasonably be expected to cause disease in humans or animals (e.g. infected nappies, pads, pads) excluding 18 01 80 and 18 01 82 18 01 03* – Other wastes containing living pathogenic micro-organisms or their toxins and other transmissible genetic material which are known or may reasonably be expected to cause disease in humans or animals|
|18 01 04||Other wastes than those mentioned in 18 01 03 (e.g. dressings and plaster casts, bedding, disposable clothing, diapers)|
|18 01 06*||Chemicals, including chemical reagents, containing dangerous substances|
|18 01 07||Chemicals and chemical reagents other than those mentioned in 18 01 06|
|18 01 08*||Cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines|
|18 01 09||Medicines other than those mentioned in 18 01 08|
|18 01 10*||Amalgam waste from dental care|
|18 01 80*||Spent peloids from treatment operations as part of infectious health care activities|
|18 01 81||Spent peloids from medical treatment other than those mentioned in 18 01 80|
|18 01 82*||Residues from feeding patients at isolation wards|
The above table was downloaded from the website of the Chief Sanitary Inspector.
Definition of medical waste According to the Act of 14 December 2012 on Waste, veterinary waste is waste generated in connection with research, treatment or provision of veterinary services, as well as in connection with scientific research and animal experiments. Veterinary waste is generated in connection with the activities of veterinary practices, animal clinics, laboratories and others. Types of veterinary waste In the table presenting the classification of veterinary waste, hazardous waste that poses a particular risk to human health and life and to the environment is marked with an asterisk.
|Waste code||Type of veterinary waste|
|18 02||wastes from diagnosis, treatment and veterinary prophylaxis|
|18 02 01||surgical instruments, syringes, needles and veneers|
|18 02 02*||infected pathogens, scalpels, syringes, syringes or their toxins, veneers and the like|
|18 02 03||Dressings, disposable gloves, linen, serviettes and disposable gowns|
|18 02 05*||chemicals, including chemical reagents, containing dangerous substances|
|18 02 06||chemicals and chemical reagents other than those mentioned in 18 02 05|
|18 01 07*||cytotoxic and cytostatic anticancer drugs|
|18 01 08||Outdated medicines and other than those mentioned in 18 02 07|
Table has been prepared on the basis of information from the Ministry of the Environment.
The group of laboratory waste includes, inter alia, waste such as laboratory and analytical chemicals (e.g. chemical reagents) containing hazardous substances, including mixtures of laboratory and analytical chemicals, used inorganic chemicals containing hazardous substances, used organic chemicals containing hazardous substances and other used chemicals. Laboratory waste is generated in connection with the activities of academic, medical and other institutions. Types of chemical waste The following table shows sample codes and types of waste considered as chemical waste.
|Waste code||Type of veterinary waste|
|16 05 06*||Laboratory and analytical chemicals|
|16 05 07*||Inorganic laboratory and analytical chemicals|
|16 05 08*||Organic laboratory chemicals and analytical chemicals|
|16 05 09||Laboratory chemicals other than hazardous ones|
Waste of animal origin
More than 20 million tonnes of animal by-products are generated annually in countries belonging to the European Union. This carries with it the risk of transmitting animal diseases and chemical pollution. By-products of animal origin constitute a threat to human and animal health, therefore they are subject to strict rules of transport, storage and disposal. Animal by-products include, inter alia, whole or parts of dead animals, animal products or other products derived from animals not intended for human consumption (e.g. hides, horns, hair).
Dangerous substances pose a huge threat to human health and life and have a negative impact on the environment. The method of storage and disposal of this type of waste is carefully designed and supervised by the relevant authorities. Hazardous waste includes all substances that have chemical properties that endanger the environment and the health and life of people. These include solvents, alkalis and acids, which are often used in industrial plants. Receipt of hazardous substances The collection of hazardous substances requires well-designed procedures, qualified staff and an appropriate fleet of vehicles. The entire process must be properly documented. Inadequate storage and disposal of hazardous waste can result in poisoning of soil, air and water. It is important that they are properly segregated in order to prevent an ecological disaster on a micro-scale.
The group of food waste includes such wastes as:
- food and kitchen leftovers;
- overdue food;
- food products withdrawn from the market;
- post-production waste of plant and animal origin
and other articles unfit for consumption. Food waste is generated in connection with the activities of such institutions as restaurants, catering bars, schools, kindergartens and other institutions dealing with collective catering. Organic waste collection More and more customers are interested in organic waste collection. This does not apply only to restaurants or the agri-food industry. Waste segregation is becoming a universal obligation. Legal regulations concerning waste segregation start to apply not only to entrepreneurs and scientific, medical and public institutions. Segregation makes it possible to reduce and rationalise the costs of waste collection, so entities not directly related to the catering sector are also looking for companies that collect this type of waste, including seasonal work such as grass mowing and tree pruning.
All establishments generating hazardous waste such as medical, chemical, hazardous, veterinary and animal substances are required to store them in special containers. Containers for medical and hazardous waste These containers are dedicated to all facilities generating hazardous waste in connection with the provision of services. Our offer includes a wide range of containers for hazardous waste, polyethylene and paper foil bags and containers.
|Type of container||Container capacity|
|Containers in red, blue and yellow||– 1 litre – 2 litres – 5 litres – 10 litres – 20 litres – 30 litres – 60 litres|
|Bags made of polyethylene foil in red, blue and yellow, and multilayer paper bags||– 35 litres – 60 litres – 120 litres|
|Containers||– 240 litres – 660 litres – 1100 litres|